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4.9 million have fled Ukraine, UN says

Nearly five million Ukrainians have fled their country since the country’s war with Russia began, according to figures published by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees on Monday. 

4,934,415 Ukrainian refugees were recorded by the UNHCR, a number not seen in Europe since the Second World War.

The majority of Ukraine’s refugees have fled to neighbouring Poland, which now hosts nearly 2.8 million. 

But Romania, Hungary, Moldova, Slovakia and Russia are hosting large numbers of Ukrainian refugees. 

The International Organisation for Migration estimates that the number of internally displaced people in Ukraine is far higher, at 7.1 million. 

This method in total that more than 12 million people have been forced to leave their homes following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on 24 February. 

90% of those who have fled Ukraine are women and children, with the Ukrainian government forbidding men aged between 18 and 60 from leaving the country. 

They are legally required to serve in the Ukrainian military, which has restorted to conscription. 

“For most women and children, refugees from Ukraine confront an increased risk of being victims of sexual exploitation, rape and human trafficking,” UNHCR warned.

“We are on the ground, at border crossings and beyond, taking preventive measures,” it additional. 

Almost two-thirds of Ukrainian children have been forced to leave their homes, including those nevertheless in the country.

BasicRefugees wait in a line after fleeing the war from neighbouring Ukraine at the border crossing in Medyka, southeastern Poland, Tuesday, April 12, 2022. (AP Photo/Sergei Grits)
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