Top Middle Eastern Export Countries in 2020

Nataz City, Iran
Nataz City, Iran

Exports from countries in the Middle East totaled US$797 billion for 2020. That dollar amount reflects a -14.1% decline since 2016 when shipments for the Middle East aggregation totaled an estimated $928.3 billion.

From 2019 to 2020, the value of exports from Middle Eastern countries decreased by -31.8%.

In contrast, global exports from all countries worldwide were worth $17.142 trillion in 2020, rising 8.5% in value since 2016 but decelerating by -7.8% from 2019 to 2020. For context, consider that Mideast exports represent an estimated 4.6% by value of total global exports from all countries during 2020. That percentage is lower than 5.9% in 2016 and 6.3% in 2019, reflecting the shrinking proportionate value of exports shipped from the Middle East.

Based on statistics from the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook Database, the total Gross Domestic Product for Middle Eastern countries amounted to an estimated $7.415 trillion in 2020 on a Purchasing strength Parity (PPP) basis. consequently, exported products accounted for approximately 10.7% of the Middle East’s total economic output in terms of GDP per PPP for 2020. That percentage compares with 12.8% two years earlier in 2018.

Given the Middle East’s estimated population of about 440.7 million people in 2020, the total $797 billion in 2020 Middle Eastern exports translates to approximately $1,800 per person living in the Mideast.

Please observe that Turkey and Egypt have been included with other Middle East countries for the purpose of this examination. This is because, in accordance with our World Trade Organization statistical supplies, Turkey is grouped with Asian nations although Egypt is listed under Africa.

 

Below are Middle Eastern export countries presented in the order of highest dollar value for 2020 global shipments. Also shown is each country’s overall proportion of Middle Eastern exports.

Rank Exporter 2020 Exports Mideast% 2019-20
1. Saudi Arabia $176,507,506,000 22.1% -29.9%
2. Turkey $169,657,940,000 21.3% -6.2%
3. UAE $151,238,040,000 19% -52.1%
4. Iraq $63,272,537,000 7.9% -30.6%
5. Qatar $51,504,158,000 6.5% -29.4%
6. Israel $49,761,375,000 6.2% -14.9%
7. Kuwait $42,797,655,000 5.4% -33.6%
8. Oman $31,793,890,000 4% -24.1%
9. Egypt $26,815,145,000 3.4% -12.5%
10. Iran $11,776,171,000 1.5% -61.7%
11. Jordan $7,954,403,000 1% -4.3%
12. Bahrain $7,920,046,000 1% -44.1%
13. Lebanon $3,807,461,000 0.5% +2%
14. Yemen $1,232,745,000 0.2% -21.7%
15. Syria $823,025,000 0.1% +12.2%
16. Palestine $152,943,000 0.02% -86.1%

On a year-over-year basis, the only Mideast exporters to grow their export revenues from 2019 to 2020 were Syria (up 12.2%) and Lebanon (up 12.2%).

Leading the decliners in the latest annual period were Palestine (down -86.1%), United Arab Emirates (down -52.1%), Bahrain (down -44.1%) and Kuwait (down -33.6%).

See also Saudi Arabia’s Top 10 Exports, Egypt’s Top 10 Exports and Turkey’s Top 10 Exports

Research supplies:
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports. Accessed on October 12, 2021

Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Middle East: Syria, Economy: GDP (purchasing strength parity). Accessed on October 12, 2021

International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Databases (GDP based on Purchasing strength Parity). Accessed on October 12, 2021

International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on October 12, 2021

Wikipedia, List of Middle East countries by population. Accessed on October 12, 2021

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