2 Major Factors Affect Learning Outcomes
It’s been public knowledge that the quality of our education around the world has been very low due to many reasons that are never heeded by our world education experts including Indonesia one of the biggest world countries whose schools and universities outnumber other world countries’ but their quality has not improved.
From my observation, interviews, teaching and lecturing at schools, colleges and universities in Indonesia, there are many factors which I think are very important to consider by our world educators in order to enhance the quality of our education. There are at the minimum 3 factors that affect the success or failure of our education: internal, external and instrumental factors. I believe that if we pay particular attention to these three factors, the quality of our education will better in terms of quality in our education.
The first factor is internal factor which refers to the learners who are learning. It includes (a) their individual interest in learning, (b) learning motivation implanted in the learners who are learning with other learners who have the same interest. This learning motivation is also influenced by several factors, that is learners’ learning ability, conditions, environmental conditions, dynamic elements in learning, and efforts of their teachers in teaching the learners in addition to other circumstances such as the learners’ physical condition, and their psychological state, their attention, attitude and learning habits, toughness in learning, social and economic stance in addition as cognitive ability.
The second factor is called the external factor which is not separable from the first factor that guarantees learning outcome. This factor includes social ecosystem where the learners, stakeholders I average the schools or universities and the teachers and lecturers are, and those are present with the learners. The presence of other people at the time of learning should often be in line with the purposes of the learners’ activities that they should not interfere or prevent them from learning, in other words the presence of the people around the learners should be supporting their learning experience and activities, and the ecosystem such as peers, classmates from the same and different classes, school administration/management, their teachers and other employees of the school in addition as the headmasters very much influence the learning course of action to explain learning outcomes. Another important thing which is also related to the success of learning is the curriculum, the course structure, and the infrastructure obtainable as method or media of learning in addition as teachers as designers of learning and those are surely guaranteed for learning outcomes supported by devices or tools that are ready at hand that have to be well designed in such a way that they will meet the requirements of the learning activities.
In conclusion, those are the two very important factors which explain the success of learning we as world educators and education stakeholders should pay attention to in order to guarantee success in our world education.